Dogs are like humans, their nutritional needs vary with breed, age, and lifestyle. But to ensure the health of your dog, you always need to meet the needs of the essential nutrients mentioned below. So what to feed the dog to keep the dog healthy, beautiful and intelligent?
The previous article shares with you how we can control nutrition from dog food , this article will focus on analyzing the importance of each type of nutrition for dogs.
What do puppies need most?
The dog’s body is 70-80% water,so water must be essential. In addition to supporting your dog’s overall health, water promotes healthy digestion and metabolism, and also helps regulate body temperature. Pay attention to constant water supply to your dog to make sure he is always hydrated.
Functions of water in the body :
Transport of nutrient water in cells.
Participate in regulating body temperature.
Hydrolyzed other nutrients to aid digestion.
Supports organs and nervous system.
Filter waste, toxins from the body.
The environment to recover from injuries.
WATER is the most important component in your dog’s body, maintaining an adequate amount of water he uses is imperative.
Protein ( protein ) is one of the most important nutrients that dogs need for growth, including essential amino acids and amino acids that supplement the body absorbed through the digestive tract ( Easy-to-digest proteins are important because they are more easily absorbed), since dogs can’t make essential amino acids on their own, it’s important to get from food.
Because dogs cannot store protein, they need a source from their daily diet.
Functions of proteins in the body :
Protein will fuel the body’s functioning only when there are not enough carbohydrates and fats.
Helps support the growth of tissues, muscles, ligaments, cartilage, skin and hair.
Join the process of creating hormones, hormones, neurotransmitters, antibodies and enzymes for daily activities of the body.
Protein is especially important for nourishing your dog’s heart and body.
Special attention :
Pregnant mother dogs, nursing mothers and puppies require twice the amount of protein Essential versus what is needed in an adult dog
Animal protein sources, including eggs, are better in nutrition because they contain all the essential amino acids (amino acids are known as “protein building blocks”).
Too much low-quality protein or too little protein will harm your dog’s body.
There are proteins that cannot be digested. For example, the beak, legs / hooves, skin, tail, and snout are 100% animal protein, but dogs cannot digest those proteins.
Protein synthesis cells use amino acids, without amino acids, cells cannot synthesize protein and all protein in the body will be wasted.
The best sources of protein for dogs :
From animals such as lean meat, fish, eggs. From plants such as beans, lentils
3. Fat and fatty acids.
Fat, fatty oils, fatty acids are the names for this same nutrient. Dietary fats can fall into one of the following groups: saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat and monounsaturated fat.
Functions of body fat :
Fat gives dogs the most energy with 2 times more calories than protein and carbohydrates.
In the fat there are essential fatty acids: omega-3, omega-6 help absorb fat-soluble vitamins, participate in protecting and maintaining internal organs.
Omega 3 and 6 also provide flavor to food, while Omega-3 DHA and EPA support immunity and reduce inflammatory diseases (Omega 3 from fish oil or DHA and EPA are better for dogs than Omega forms. 3.6 from plants and animals).
Fat helps regulate body temperature, promotes a healthy nervous system.
Special attention :
Too much fat increases the risk of inflammation of the pancreas, causing digestive system disease.
Coconut Oil – Doesn’t provide essential fatty acids (but is safer).
The best fat sources for dogs :
Fish / seafood, fish oil, vegetable oil such as: flaxseed, hemp.
Vitamins help the dog’s body develop and function normally. Dogs can store fat-soluble vitamins and use them gradually, but they need a constant supply of vitamins in the water through their diet. The main difference between a fat-soluble vitamin and a water-soluble vitamin is whether a dog’s body is capable of making vitamins.
So do we need to supplement vitamins for dogs?
Vitamins are involved in the process of “lubricating – beautifying” the body, but what you want now is your dog is prettier, better, right?
Functions of vitamins in the body :
Vitamin D helps to regulate high calcium and phosphorus levels to avoid harmful effects in the body, you can see vitamin D is added to any bottle of Calcium for dogs ^^.
Vitamin A boosts the immune system.
Vitamins C and E serve as natural antioxidants, which are thought to be less harmful to the body (unlike humans, dogs synthesize vitamin C themselves in the body).
Vitamin E is also needed for the dog’s muscle development, the more polyunsaturated fats he eats, the more vitamin E he needs to avoid oxidation.
Vitamin K allows blood to clot. It deficiency is also a cause of digestive problems.
B vitamins are essential for dogs such as biotin, folate, pantothenic acid, thiamine) Vitamin B12 maintains the function of the nervous system, vitamin B6 is especially important when making glucose, red blood cells, participating in system function. nerve, immunology, hormones, genes.
Thiamine helps regulate energy and carbohydrate metabolism, do you see that in food packages with a cereal ingredient all list this ingredient?
Pantothenic acid helps in energy metabolism. If you lack this vitamin, you will still be sick no matter what.
Folic acid assists in amino acid metabolism.
Choline supports healthy liver and brain function. Brain development and maintenance.
Do you need vitamin supplements for dogs?
If you give dog food labeled “complete and balanced” -> don’t eat any extra fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) because it can be harmful. Toxicity of water-soluble vitamins will be excreted out.
The rest of the food you cook on your own, and foods that don’t have the “complete and balanced” label, you can get vitamins from other sources because they certainly don’t have enough vitamins.
The best vitamin supplements come from a combination of supplements.
5. Essential minerals.
Essential minerals help support the growth and maintenance of the dog’s organs (life support). Several important minerals include calcium and phosphorus that help with bone growth, blood clotting and muscle development and nerve function.
The function of minerals in dogs :
Iron carries oxygen throughout the body.
Zinc aids in wound healing.
Selenium provides antioxidant support.
Sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium support the nervous system.
Sodium, chloride, potassium adjust the body balance, participate in deciding the body shape of the dog.
Special attention :
Keeping a puppy requires twice as much calcium as an adult dog. However, this calcium and phosphorus level should be closely monitored in large puppies to avoid poor growth and poor body shape.
6. Carbohydrates and fiber.
Fiber is quite complex and is deviating a topic about using fiber for good.
Carbohydrates are made up of sugar, starch, or fiber particles that are difficult to digest.
Dogs can synthesize glucose from protein and dietary fats, carbohydrates are the only nutrients not – really – really – needed – needed by dogs.
Do dogs need carbohydrates?
Healthy carbohydrates are still good because they provide vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, phytonutrients and promote your dog’s health to the optimal level. Shrimps are fortified with healthy plant carbohydrates that help to prolong their life.
“Garbage” carbohydrates high in blood sugar will provide less nutrients, push high blood sugar levels, long-term effects on the health of pets. GLUTEN (gluten-free) foods need to be perceived differently from foods containing gluten.
The fiber in the diet helps to keep the stomach active. Fiber is very important for overweight dogs or for dogs with some stomach problems.
What to feed your dog as a healthy carbohydrate supplement?
Science has proven health benefits, longevity when feeding dogs vegetables with good carbohydrates – But some documents in Vietnam believe that carbohydrates in general are essential, good for dogs, there is science. ? So what types of vegetables can dogs eat?
Invite you to see: Vegetables to feed your dog (Not all vegetables are good for dogs).